Ageing

Understanding Music and Aging through the lens of Bayesian Inference

Bayesian inference has recently gained momentum in explaining music perception and aging. A fundamental mechanism underlying Bayesian inference is the notion of prediction. This framework could explain how predictions pertaining to musical (melodic, …

Autonomic and respiratory changes in young and old adults with non-clinical depression and anxiety

Previous research has found that good health is tied to flexibility in multiple bodily systems, with reduced variability signalling poor health. Depression and anxiety are found to correlate with lower heart rate variability (HRV), suggesting reduced …

Cognitive and neural mechanisms of learning and interventions for improvement across the adult lifespan: A systematic review protocol

Background: There continues to be growing interest in the Science of Learning including identifying applications for findings from this work outside the laboratory to support learning. Presently, there exists a gap in our understanding of learning …

Associations between brain structure, HRV, and depression and anxiety in a non-clinical sample

Autonomic variations such as changes in heart rate variability (HRV) have been found in both clinical and non-clinical populations of either depression or anxiety and are maintained across the lifespan. Areas in the brain such as the cingulate …

HRV mediates the relationship between isthmus cingulate thickness and inhibitory control

The cingulate cortex (CC) is at the centre of networks such as the default mode network, salience network, and the dorsal attention networks that are implicated in cognitive ageing. Lower heart rate variability has also been linked to ageing and …

Theta-burst stimulation-induced cortical plasticity in younger and older adults: a TMS-EEG study

Continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) has been shown to modulate cortical inhibition and excitability, with previous transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies altered responses in older adults. The combination of TMS and …

Aging patterns of Japanese auditory semantic processing: an fMRI study

The efficacy of listening comprehension is presumably sustained over the life span, contradicting the stereotype of universal cognitive decline. It is thus worth investigating whether and how the preserved auditory semantic function is supported by …

Active Aging Lifestyle

A development of an intervention program ExCITE for aging population.

Working memory, age and education: A lifespan fMRI study

Our brain changes in terms of mental functions and its structures as we age. In this study, we examined age-related differences in brain functions while accounting for changes seen in the brain structures in terms of neuronal density and volume. …

The role of regional heterogeneity in age-related differences in functional hemispheric asymmetry: an fMRI study

Some cognitive functions, such as language processing, utilize one side of the brain more than the other. This pattern of brain organization is known as brain lateralization. However, studies have suggested that brain lateralization is less prominent …