The Structure of Deception: Validation of the Lying Profile Questionnaire

Abstract

While deception is considered as a common phenomenon with important implications, its conceptualization and study as a dispositional trait is under-represented in the literature. Critically, and despite scientific evidence supporting the existence of individual differences in lying, a validated measure of dispositional deception is still lacking. This study aims to explore the structure of dispositional deception by developing and validating a short and reliable 16-item questionnaire to characterize the lying pattern of individuals. Our findings suggest the existence of four distinct latent dimensions to lying, namely frequency, ability, negativity, and contextuality. We establish the convergent validity of our measure of lying by showing significant relationships with social desirability, malevolent traits, cognitive control deficits, normal and pathological personality traits, as well as demographic variables such as sex, age, and religiosity. Overall, the present study introduces a general framework to understanding deception as a dispositional trait which future deception studies can build on, accounting for the inter-individual variability in lying.

Publication
Makowski, D., Pham, T., Lau, Z. J., Raine, A., & Chen, S. H. A. (under review). The Structure of Deception: Validation of the Lying Profile Questionnaire.
Dominique Makowski
Dominique Makowski
Presidential Post-doctoral Fellow

Dr. Dominique Makowski is a neuropsychologist & pizza lover 🍕. He is currently a Postdoc @ Clinical Brain Lab working on the neuroscience of deception 🤥 He is also interested in reality bending ✨

Tam Pham
Tam Pham
Project Officer

Tam Pham is currently a Project Officer at Clinical Brain Lab. She is working on the neuroscience of deception.

Lau Zen Juen
Lau Zen Juen
Project Officer

Zen Juen is currently a Project Officer at Clinical Brain Lab. She is working on the neuroscience of deception.

Annabel Chen
Annabel Chen
Professor of Psychology
Lab Director

Dr. SH Annabel Chen is a clinical neuropsychologist, and currently a Faculty member of Psychology at the School of Social Sciences.

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